M1 vs M2 MacBook Pro: Which Apple Silicon Chip Reigns Supreme?

Apple’s stronghold in the tech market is undeniable with a vast user base. The transition to Apple Silicon marked a significant milestone, showcasing Apple’s quest for enhanced performance and efficiency in its MacBook Pro line. The advent of Apple Silicon chips underscores a pivotal shift from Intel chips, promising optimized performance with lower power consumption.

The showdown between the M1 and M2 MacBook Pro models captivates tech enthusiasts and Mac users alike. These chips exhibit remarkable processing speeds, graphical prowess, and energy efficiency, setting a high bar in the competitive tech arena. The ensuing analysis aims to discern the distinctions between the M1 and M2 chips, shedding light on their individual merits for a savvy tech audience.

The Evolution of Apple Silicon

Apple’s transition from relying on Intel’s chips to developing its in-house silicon was a monumental shift in its hardware strategy. This change was driven by a desire to have more control over the hardware-software integration, ensuring a seamless user experience synonymous with Apple products. The transition also aimed at creating more energy-efficient and powerful chips that could drive the performance of their devices to new heights.

The move towards self-reliance in chip manufacturing also potentially translates to cost-savings and better optimization tailored to Apple’s ecosystem. This significant transition underpins Apple’s long-term vision for a more integrated and efficient hardware-software ecosystem, setting a new trajectory for the tech giant’s future offerings.

The M1 chip, launched in November 2020, marked the beginning of Apple’s new era of in-house silicon. The M1’s arrival was met with considerable acclaim from the tech community, as it showcased impressive performance and efficiency improvements over previous Intel-based Macs. Several tech outlets and benchmarks underscored the M1’s ability to deliver exceptional performance with lower power consumption, thereby changing the narrative around what to expect from a compact, portable machine.

The M1 chip also set a competitive standard in the industry, pushing other chip manufacturers to accelerate their innovation to match or surpass the new benchmark set by Apple. News articles and studies highlighted the M1’s innovative architecture and its potential to reshape the industry’s expectations concerning performance, energy efficiency, and integrated graphics. The M1 chip indeed heralded a new chapter in computing, underscoring the merits of in-house silicon design while setting a robust foundation for subsequent iterations like the M2 chip.

Meet the Contenders: M1 vs M2

Introduction to the M1 chip

The Apple M1 chip, unveiled in November 2020, is a System on a Chip (SoC) that powers the late 2020 MacBook Air, MacBook Pro 13, and Mac Mini. It boasts 8 cores, divided into four performance cores and four power-efficiency cores. The performance cores have a 192 KB instruction cache, 128 KB data cache, and a shared 12 MB L2 cache, while the efficiency cores come with a 128 KB instruction cache, 64 KB data cache, and a shared 4 MB L2 cache.

With clock speeds ranging between 600 – 3204 MHz for the performance cores and 600 – 2064 MHz for the efficiency cores, the M1 delivers robust performance. The integrated graphics card in the M1 offers 8 cores (or 7 cores in the entry-level MacBook Air) with a peak performance of 2.6 teraflops.

The M1 also includes a 16-core neural engine for AI hardware acceleration, a secure enclave for encryption, and various other integrated features like a Thunderbolt/USB 4 controller, an ISP, and media de- and encoders. Manufactured using a 5nm process at TSMC, the M1 comprises 16 billion transistors. The M1 showcased a significant leap in performance and efficiency compared to the previous Intel-based Macs, setting a high benchmark for subsequent chips​.

Introduction to the M2 chip

The M2 chip, released in late 2022, also operates as a System on a Chip (SoC) and is featured in the MacBook Air and MacBook Pro 13. Like its predecessor, the M2 has 8 cores divided similarly between performance and efficiency cores. However, the M2 boasts a higher L2 shared cache of 16 MB for the performance cores compared to the M1’s 12 MB.

The M2’s efficiency cores clock up to 2.4 GHz, and the performance cores up to 3.5 GHz, which is a noticeable increase from the M1’s clock speeds. Additionally, the M2 supports up to 24 GB LPDDR5-6400 memory with a bandwidth of up to 100GB/s, a substantial upgrade from the M1. Performance-wise, the M2 offers an 18% higher CPU performance at the same power consumption level compared to the M1, with the MacBook Pro 13 able to reach this benchmark in Geekbench Multi tests.

Other benchmarks recorded 12 to 15% gains compared to the M1, indicating a performance nearing the M1 Pro with 8 cores. The integrated graphics card in the M2 offers either 8 or 10 cores with a peak performance of 3.6 TFLOPs. Moreover, the M2 integrates a 16-core neural engine with a peak performance of 16 TOPS for AI hardware acceleration, along with other features like a secure enclave, Thunderbolt / USB 4 controller, an ISP, and media de- and encoders. With 20 billion transistors, the M2 is manufactured in a second-generation 5nm process at TSMC, likely N5P, with power consumption rated at 20W under CPU load​.

Performance Comparison


Category Apple M1 Intel Chips Apple M2 (Expected) Sources
Benchmark Tests
Speed Up to 3.5x faster CPU performance compared to Intel Core i7-1060NG7 Varies across different models and generations 18% faster CPU compared to M1 [39†source]
Multitasking Significant performance gains in multiple CPU benchmarks Performance may vary based on model and generation Similar multitasking capabilities with enhanced speed due to higher CPU performance [40†source]
Energy Efficiency Highly efficient with lower thermal output Higher thermal output compared to M1 Expected to maintain high efficiency with better performance [39†source], [41†source]
User Experiences and Reviews Generally positive with users noting substantial performance improvements and energy efficiency Mixed, with some users experiencing thermal and performance issues Users have high expectations for improved performance and continued energy efficiency N/A


In the benchmark tests, the Apple M1 showed a significant increase in speed, multitasking capabilities, and energy efficiency compared to Intel chips. The M1 chip offered up to 3.5x faster CPU performance compared to the Intel Core i7-1060NG7, according to Apple. Other benchmarks also noted the M1’s remarkable performance in various computing tasks, including real-time audio processing​. On the other hand, Intel chips had a higher thermal output compared to the M1, which could potentially impact performance in prolonged high-load scenarios​​.

The user experiences and reviews section is based on general trends observed in the tech community. Users have been largely positive about the M1’s performance, appreciating the chip’s efficiency and power, especially when compared to Intel chips. However, individual experiences may vary, and some users may encounter issues or have different preferences. The expectations for the M2 chip are high, with users looking forward to improved performance while maintaining the efficiency characteristic of Apple Silicon.

Architecture and Design

Architectural Differences between M1 and M2

  1. Number of CPU and GPU cores: Both M1 and M2 chips have 8 CPU cores, divided equally between performance and efficiency cores. However, while the M1 has 7 or 8 GPU cores, the M2 has either 8 or 10 GPU cores.
  2. Manufacturing process and transistor count: The M1 chip is manufactured using a 5nm process, while the M2 chip utilizes a second-generation 5nm process. The M2 chip has a higher transistor count (20 billion) compared to the M1 chip (16 billion), which potentially contributes to the M2’s enhanced performance.

Potential Impact on Performance and Power Efficiency

The architectural advancements in the M2 chip, including the increased number of GPU cores and a higher transistor count, contribute to its improved performance. The M2 chip is reported to have an 18% faster CPU and a 35% more powerful GPU compared to the M1 chip. Furthermore, the M2 chip delivers 50% more memory bandwidth compared to the M1, which could significantly enhance performance in memory-intensive tasks. Despite these performance improvements, the M2 is expected to maintain similar or even better power efficiency due to the advanced manufacturing process, reflecting Apple’s ongoing commitment to balancing high performance with energy efficiency【22†(Apple)], [28†(NotebookCheck)].

Software Compatibility

The transition from Intel to Apple Silicon marked a significant shift in the Mac hardware architecture, with macOS now running on an ARM-based Apple processor, replacing the Intel chips used for nearly two decades​1​. Here’s an analysis of the transition regarding software compatibility and Apple’s strategies to encourage developers for compatibility:

Compatibility with existing software and Availability of optimized apps:

  1. Universal Binaries: Apple introduced Universal 2 application binaries, allowing developers to create a single app compatible with both Apple Silicon and Intel-based Mac computers. This strategy ensured that existing macOS apps could run on new Macs with Apple Silicon without losing support for Intel-based Macs​.
  2. Porting Existing Apps: Developers could port their existing macOS apps to Apple Silicon by creating a universal binary and modifying their code to handle architectural differences. Apple provided detailed guidelines for developers to port their macOS apps to Apple Silicon, ensuring a smooth transition and compatibility.

Apple’s Strategies:

  1. Developer Resources: Apple provided extensive resources, documentation, and guidelines to developers for porting their existing macOS apps to Apple Silicon.
  2. Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) Announcements: During WWDC 2020, Apple announced the transition, providing developers with a heads up and necessary resources to start adapting their applications for Apple Silicon

Battery Life and Efficiency

Power Efficiency between M1 and M2

The M2 chip, like its predecessor M1, is expected to maintain high power efficiency due to its advanced manufacturing process. The exact battery life improvements in MacBook Pro and real-world scenarios for extended usage would require detailed testing and user feedback, which might not be available until users have had substantial time to use the new chips in various scenarios.

User Testimonials and Reviews

  • Detailed user testimonials and reviews regarding the battery life and efficiency of M2 compared to M1 might be available on tech forums, review websites, and social media platforms. These reviews and testimonials will provide insights into the real-world performance and battery life of M1 and M2 chips in MacBook Pro.

Graphics and Gaming Performance

GPU Performance of M1 and M2

Gaming Benchmarks and Frame Rates

The gaming performance on Apple M1 and M2 chips varies depending on the specific variant of the chip (e.g., M1 Pro, M1 Max, M2 Pro, M2 Max, or M2 Ultra). For instance, while playing “Shadow of the Tomb Raider” at the highest preset and at 1080p resolution on a MacBook Pro powered by an M1 Pro chip, frame rates close to 50FPS were observed. The frame rates were better on an M1 Max chip, exceeding 60FPS. Other games like “Hitman (2016)” yielded over 100FPS on the M1 Pro chip​.

Synthetic benchmark tests like GFXBench 5 and 3DMark also demonstrated substantial improvements in the M1 Pro chip over the original M1 chip.

Game Compatibility and Graphics Capabilities

Despite the hardware capabilities, a major challenge for gaming on macOS is the lack of a broad game catalog. However, Apple has issued a game porting tool to simplify optimizing PC games for Mac, which shows promising results in early tests for running Windows games on Mac. This initiative might increase the number of Windows titles available on macOS in the near future.

User Experiences and Insights

Users interested in gaming are advised to consider Mac models with higher-end chip variants like the M2 Pro, M2 Max, or M2 Ultra, as they offer better gaming performance compared to the base M1 and M2 chips.

Pricing and Value

Price Points of M1 and M2 MacBook Pro Models

The M2 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch) and M1 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch) have the same starting price of $1,999. The M2 Pro has a faster CPU, more powerful GPU, faster Neural Engine than the M1 Pro, and supports up to 24GB of unified memory while both models support up to 32GB of RAM (price information from laptopmag.com).

Performance Improvements Justification for the Cost

The enhanced features and improved performance of the M2 Pro chip as compared to the M1 Pro chip might justify the cost for users who require higher processing power, better graphics, or more memory.

Pricing Statistics and News Articles

Detailed pricing statistics and news articles could provide a more comprehensive comparison between the M1 and M2 MacBook Pro models, including different configurations and storage options.

The Verdict: Which Chip Reigns Supreme?


Strengths and Weaknesses

  • M1: The M1 chip brought substantial performance improvements and energy efficiency compared to previous Intel chips. However, it may lag in extremely GPU-intensive tasks and has a limited game library on macOS.
  • M2: The M2 chip builds upon the strengths of the M1, offering improved performance, potentially better energy efficiency, and better capabilities for GPU-intensive tasks and gaming, albeit still limited by the macOS game library.


  • Creative Work: The M2, particularly the higher-end variants, is recommended for professional creative work, especially tasks that are GPU-intensive.
  • Gaming: The M2, with its improved GPU performance, offers a better gaming experience, although the game library on macOS remains a limiting factor.
  • General Usage: Both chips are highly capable for general computing tasks, but the M2 provides extra power for multitasking and other demanding tasks.

Consider Your Needs and Preferences

Every individual’s needs and preferences are unique. It’s crucial to consider your specific use cases, whether it’s gaming, creative work, or general usage, alongside your budget before deciding between the M1 and M2. The M1 is a more budget-friendly option while the M2 offers better performance across the board, justifying its higher price point. The choice between M1 and M2 will ultimately depend on your personal needs, preferences, and how much you’re willing to invest for enhanced performance.


The choice between the M1 and M2 chips boils down to individual performance needs and budget considerations. The M1 provides a balance of performance and cost-effectiveness suitable for general usage and some professional tasks, while the M2, with its enhanced performance features, caters to more demanding professional and gaming scenarios. Ultimately, assessing your specific use cases and being cognizant of the price-performance ratio will guide you towards making an informed decision that aligns with your requirements and budget.

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